Health Issues Associated With Poor Oral Hygiene

Health Issues Associated With Poor Oral Hygiene

patient with dirty brown teethYour mouth hosts billions of bacteria. However, not all these bacteria are harmful since some are essential to establish homeostasis. Bacteria which thrive in poor dental hygiene situations, however, cultivate and lead to serious oral diseases. A build-up of plaque is the most common consequence of poor oral hygiene. This, in turn, causes gum inflammation and ultimately, infection.

This sequence of events not only affects your oral health but your entire body. Regular visits to a family dentist in Northbrook are not only essential for your dental health but your overall well-being. Here are some common body issues that can stem from poor dental hygiene.

Cardiovascular Disease

Bacteria from periodontal diseases can find their way into your bloodstream and enter your heart. The bacteria cause hardening of your arteries, a condition known as atherosclerosis. This, in turn, leads to decreased blood flow to your body organs and increases your risk of a stroke or heart attack. The bacteria can also affect the inner lining of your heart leading to endocarditis, a potentially fatal disease.

Poor Diabetes Control

People with diabetes are susceptible to periodontal diseases because of their lowered immunity. In addition to their increased risk, gum disease makes diabetes control difficult. It is hence imperative for people with diabetes to take utmost care of their oral hygiene to achieve good glycemic control.

Erectile Dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction is also a frequent consequence of chronic periodontal disease. The bacteria from inflamed gums travel through your bloodstream and inflame the genital blood vessels. This inflammation results in decreased blood flow to your genitalia and hence making an erection difficult or at times impossible to achieve.

Hormonal changes in pregnancy increase a mother’s chances of oral infections. Any infection increases her chances of pregnancy complications. Gingivitis and periodontitis have been found in numerous research studies to be related to high incidences of low birth weight and premature births. In addition to pregnancy complications, these diseases also decrease a woman’s fertility.

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