Two Communicable Diseases in the Household

Two Communicable Diseases in the Household

Mother and child looking at a hospital screenThese days, communicable disease is the leading cause of outpatient consultation in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 16.8 million individuals in the U.S. visit their physician annually due to infectious diseases. Since immediate treatment is pivotal for optimal patient care, healthcare practitioners strongly emphasize the importance of early consultation with physicians who specialize in family health. Family physicians treat infectious diseases that affect the members of the household.

1. Upper Respiratory Tract Infection

Upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) is the most common infectious disease in the United States. This disease results in mild colds that last for three to five days. This viral infection causes infection through respiratory droplets and secretions, making it highly transmissible. Children and elderly individuals also develop a higher risk of acquiring the disease due to a weak immune system. Hence, it is crucial to visit a family physician for early evaluation. Symptomatic management through hydration and analgesic medications can substantially decrease your recovery time.

2. Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis or pink eye is a disease that causes inflamed eyes. It has a high transmission rate. Thus, people with pink eye should avoid contact with others. Viruses or bacteria attack the surface of the eye, causing pain and discharge for five to seven days. However, some cases of unprovoked conjunctivitis might be due to other extrinsic factors, such as trauma and allergies. Thus, a family physician will rule out other possible causes before prescribing antibiotics and steroids for treatment.

Overall, infectious diseases have diverse symptoms, such as severe diarrhea and vomiting. Thus, you should visit a family physician to prevent the disease from spreading and promote health within your household.

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