Types of Sterilisation Equipment for Dental Practices

Types of Sterilisation Equipment for Dental Practices

photo of dental equipment with a sterilizer on the backThere is one serious challenge dental practices face nowadays — maintaining or increasing their productivity while ensuring that there is no compromise in their patients’ safety. This goal might have seemed unimaginable in the past.

Thankfully, it is now possible, thanks to various sterilisers. Rather than deal directly with a manufacturer, get a reliable dental supplies provider to buy the steriliser from. They will deliver faster as well as install equipment if necessary and train your staff on how to use them.

What kind of equipment are we talking about? Here are a few types of sterilisers.


Also called steam sterilisers (since they use steam), there are two categories of autoclaves. This includes pre-vacuum and gravity displacement. They both work at 250–273 °F, and sterilisation takes 4–30 minutes, depending on the temperature used and the manufacturer.

The drying cycle of autoclaves ranges from 25 to 40 minutes. Autoclave sterilisation can, however, dull sharp items and corrode metal instruments.

Dry Heat Sterilisers

These instruments use forced or static air for their sterilisation. The primary factors that influence their efficiency are extended time and high heat. The temperatures used in dry heat sterilisation are approximately 300–375 °F for 12–150 minutes.

Dry heat sterilisation causes no corrosion and does not dull out sharp objects’ edges but can damage heat-sensitive rubber and plastic items.

Unsaturated Chemical Vapour Sterilisers

These instruments use a blend of formaldehyde, acetone, ketone, water and alcohol for sterilisation. Temperature, pressure and time are the primary elements for efficient sterilisation with unsaturated chemical vapour steriliser. Pressure should be 20psi with temperatures of at least 270 °F for 20–40 minutes.

Your supplier will assess your dental practice before recommending the ideal steriliser. You should always follow the equipment manufacturer’s instructions to guarantee the cleanliness of the items. With optimal infection control, your practice can ensure optimal oral health for your patients.

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